Leslie Lohman Museum

RESEARCH

             
RESEARCH MILESTONES

 

A Timeline of Gay and Lesbian Artists and History
It is, of course, impossible to create a truly comprehensive list of our artist ancestors. We can never know all the names of people who labored anonymously in ancient courts and over the centuries in cathedrals and town halls, in palaces and pavilions — but we can be sure, given the very nature of art, that vast numbers of them were what we now call "gay." This list constitutes a small but heartfelt act of gratitude and homage for what they did and what they have given us. — Charles Leslie

The following timeline is a record of the history and influence of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered artists upon the world at large. It is a simple yet powerful list testifying to our existence. A few literary figures, composers, dancers and events are interspersed for continuity but this is mainly a list of visual artists. The list is in order by date of birth with lesbians & women in red and gay men in blue. Please note that every name on this list is not necessarily gay but may be included as a timeline marker.

(This list is compiled and maintained by Wayne Snellen. Special thanks to Tee A. Corinne (1943-2006) who shared her list of lesbian artists with LLM and for her support of this project. Also to Charles Leslie who has made many helpful suggestion. If you would like to be included email me. Be sure to specify your birth date, nationality, and type of artist.)

 

View Milestones information sources



 

Period/Movement Date(s) Event/Person
     
Ancient 30,000 B.C.E. Cave paintings at Lascaux, Venus of Willendorf and those ithyphallic figures
  4,000 B.C.E. Sumerian writing appears
  3,000 B.C.E. Copper in wide use in Egypt & Near East
  2900 - 2700 B.C.E. Great Pyramids & Great Sphinx at Giza
  2700 B.C.E. Gilgamesh (Gilgamesh & Enkidu recorded c. 628 B.C.E.). In this legendary friendship many scholars see a homosexual subtext.
  2460 B.C.E. Niankhkhnum & Khnumhotep (two Egyptian lovers or brothers buried together)
  2000 B.C.E. Bronze Age in Europe
  1500 B.C.E. Stonehenge constructed in England
  1390 - 1330 B.C.E. Alabaster statue of Pharaoh Akhenaten (18th Dynasty) and Prince Smenkhcara. NOTE: Akhenaten, also called Nefer-Kheperu-Ra and husband of Queen Nefertiti commanded an unknown court sculptor to style Smenkhcara as "The Beloved of Akhnaten" and to render them in alabaster in a conjunction that is considerably more than fraternal and was indeed a jutaposition that was reserved for images of a husband and wife.
     
     
  1000 B.C.E  
    David, King of Israel (Some scholars see a homosexual subtext in the friendship between David & Jonathan, Ruth & Naomi, and, indeed, even between Jesus and John)
  950 B.C.E. Solomon's Temple built in Jerusalem
  800 B.C.E. Homeric epics Iliad & Odyssey recorded in Greece
  776 B.C.E. Olympic Games in Greece founded
  753 B.C.E. Rome founded by Romulus
  612 - ? B.C.E. Sappho, poet
  525 B.C.E. Buddha's Great Enlightenment
     
Greek & Roman Classical 322 - 443 B.C.E. Pindar, Greek musician & poet
  450 - 420 B.C.E. Polykleitos, referring to the Doryphoros Pliny stated, "he alone of human kind is deemed to have emboided the principles of his art in a single work."
  ca. 490 - 430 B.C.E. Phidias, Greek sculptor, artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon
  447 - 432 B.C.E. Parthenon erected in Athens
  375 - 340 B.C.E. Praxiteles, Greek sculptor
  399 B.C.E. Death of Socrates
  fl. 390 B.C.E. Lysippos, personal sculptor to Alexander the Great.
    (NOTE: The Greek artists Phidias, Polykleitos, Lysippos and Praxiteles, regardless of their own sexuality — and dozens of other artists, produced countless images of male lovers in which the Greek world was awash; e.g., innumerable bronzes and marbles of Zeus and Ganymede, Achilles and Patroklus, Herakles and Iolaus, Herakles and Hylas, Dionysius and Ampelos, Apollo and Hyakinthos, Orestes and Pylades, and Harmodius and Aristogeiton
  221 - 206 B.C.E. Great Wall of China
  65 - 5 B.C.E. Horace, Greek poet,
  38 B.C.E. Laocoon
  4 B.C.E. Birth of Jesus of Nazareth
  1 B.C.E. Reclining Hermaphrodite, Greek
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  1 C.E.

 

  32 C.E. St. Peter (first Pope)
  72 - 80 C.E. Colosseum built in Rome
  79 C.E. Pompeii & Herculaneum buried by Mt. Vesuvius (many homoerotic scenes were painted on the walls of Pompeii
  88 C.E. Pope Clement I (first Pope for whom any reliable information is known)
  105 C.E. Invention of paper in China
  117 - 138 C.E. Hadrian & Antinuous, Emperor Hadrian in his agony of grief over the death of his young lover, the beautiful, Bythnian youth Antinuous, raised the boy to godhood.
    Throughout the Roman Empire hundreds of busts and full statues of Hadrian and Antinuous appeared. Although all the artists were not necessarily gay -- (but many surely were) -- all these busts and full statues were created to glorify and memorialize one of the great gay loves of history.
  140 C.E. Venus of Milo, sculpture (rediscovered in 1820)
  300 C.E. Mayan Calendar
  351 C.E. Theodosius forbids the Olympic Games (approx.)
  476 C.E. Fall of Rome
  523 - 537 C.E. Hagia Sophia constructed in Constantinople
  540 C.E. Empress Theodora introduces long white dresses, purple cloaks, gold emproidery, tiaras, and pointed shoes
  570 C.E. Moha
  658 - 680 C.E. Caedmon, English poet
  756 - 810 C.E. Abu Nuwas, Arabian poet. Considered the gremmad atest poet of his age in the Arab world and still revered although part of his work is now surpressed. One of the sections of his more than 5,000 surviving verses is devoted to "the love of youths."
     
Byzantine 800 C.E. Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Rome
  801 C.E. Charlemagne prohitits prostitution
  932 - 953 C.E. The Nine Classics were first printed from woodblocks in China
  950 C.E. The temples of Kahjuraho, an enigma to this day, they are covered with sculptural images of gods, goddesses and a sacred elite engaged in every manner of sexual congress including one strong image of a priest performing "auparishtaka", a sacred act of fellatio, on a visiting prince.
  990 C.E. Development of systematic musical notation
  1048 - 1122 C.E. Omar Khayyam, Persian poet & astronomer
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  1000 C.E.  
     
Romanesque 1054 The Great Schism between Greek Orthodox & Roman Catholic churches
  1073 Pope Gregory VII orders Sappho's works destroyed in public bonfires in Rome and Constantinople
  1074 Excommunication of married priests
  1088 Chung-Jen, Chinese painter & priest paints with India ink on silk
  1100 C.E.  
  1120 Angkor Vat founded in Cambodia
     
     
  1200 C.E.  
     
Gothic 1200 University of Paris founded
  1215 Magna Carta signed by King John of England
  1240 - 1302  Cimabue, Italian painter
  1244 - 1314 Jacques De Molay, 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templer. Burned at the stake for denying Christ and trampling on the Holy Cross but he steadfastly denounced the accusations that the Albigensian initiation ritual consisted of homosexual practices.
  1250 Oxford University founded
 

1267 - 1337

Giotto, Italian painter
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  1300 C.E.  
     
Early Renaissance 1305 - 1306 Giotto paints frescoes in Arena Chapel, Padua
  1310 - 1321 Dante writes Divine Comedy
  1325 Development of Noh plays in Japan
  1350 Black Plague throughout Europe
  1350 Boccaccio writes Decameron
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  1400 C.E.  
  1420 Oil paints came into general use
  1421 Peking established as capital of China
  1431 Joan of Arc burned at the stake at Rouen
  1435 Alberti writes della Pittura, treatise on Renaissance painting
  1445-1510 Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter
  1452-1519 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter & scientist
  1456 Gutenberg prints Bible with movable type
  1467 - 1516 Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio, Italian, painter (student & lover of da Vinci)
     
High Renaissance 1475-1564 Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian sculptor, architect, painter, poet
  1477-1549 Giovanni Antonio Bazzi aka Il Sodoma, Italian painter
  1465 First printed music
  1490 Beginnings of ballet in Italian courts
  1492 Columbus reaches New World
  1494-1557 Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo, Italian painter
  1498 Savonarola burned at the stake in Florence (b. 1452)
  1498 Leonardo paints Last Supper in Milan
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  1500 C.E.  
  1500-1571 Benvenuto Cellini, Italian sculptor, goldsmith, writer
  1503-1572 Agnolo Bronzino, painter
  506 Laocoon group unearthed in Rome
  1511 Vitruvius' De Architectura republished
  1514 Correggio discovers chiaroscuro
  1519 - 1522 Magellan circumnavigates the world
     
Mannerism 1529 Women seen for first time on Italian stages
  1534 Jesuit Order founded
  1542 Pope Paul III establishes Inquisition in Rome
  1542 - 1543 Portuguese first Europeans to visit Japan
  1543 Copernicus published theory that the planets orbit the sun
  1558 Elizabeth I (1533 - 1603) ascends the throne to became the queen of England
  1550 Vasari writes Lives of Artists
  1573-1610 Michelangelo da Caravaggio, painter
  1564 - 1593 Cristopher Marlowe, the greatest English playwrite before Shakespeare, "He who loves not tobacco and boys is a fool"
  1564 - 1616 William Shakespeare, the greatest English playwrte ever, and think of those sonnets to Master W.H...need I say more. In the 1640 edition John Benson changed all the "he" pronouns to read "she."
  1588 The defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English
  1597 Daphne, first opera, composed by Rinuccini and Peri
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1600 C.E.  
     
Baroque 1601 - 1602 Shakespeare writes Hamlet
  1602 - 1654 Jerome Dusquesnoy, Flemish sculptor, executed for sodomy
  1604 Cervantes writes Don Quixote
  1611 King James Bible published
  1619 First Negro slaves in English North America
  1620 Pilgrims settle at Plymouth
  1625 - 1689 Kristina, (Queen of Sweden 1644 - 1654)
  1626 Peter Minuit buys Manhattan
  1632 Taj Mahal built
  1642 Rembrandt paints Nightwatch
  1655 - 1743 Vittore Ghislandi (Fra Galgario), Italian painter
  1663 Milton writes Paradise Lost
  1669 Palace of Versailles begun
  1685 Handel & Bach
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  1700 C.E.

 

     
Rococo 1710 Meissen produces first true porcelain in Europe
  Fl. 1720 Margaret Clap (known as Mother Clap). Ran the best known and most popular molly house in 18th c. London
  1721 Bach composes Brandenburg Concertos
  1741 Handel composes Messiah
  1741 - 1825 Henry Fuseli, Swiss artist, writer
  1753 Foundation of British Museum
     
Neoclassism 1755 - 1831 Sarah Ponsonby and Eleanor Butler
  1757-1822 Antonio Canova, painter
  1759 Voltaire writes Candide
  1767 - 1824 Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, French painter
  1769 Watt invents steam engine
  1776 Declaration of Independence
  1779 - 1843 Washington Allston, American painter
  1789 George Washington becomes President
  1790 - 1833 Goethe writes Faust
  1793 Grand Gallery of Louvre opened
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  1800 C.E.  
     
Romanticism c. 1800 - c. 1992 Mary Ann Willson (Wilson), American painter, activist
  1805 - 1807 Beethoven composed the Fifth Symphony
  1809 - 1864 Hippolyte Flandrin, French painter -- heterosexual -- but best known for his painting, "Nude Young Man Seated on a Rock" (1835/6), which became an icon of gay imagery after Wilhelm von Gloeden took a photograph of a young man in the identical pose around 1900.
  1815 - 1882 Emma Stebbins, sculptor
  1818 Byron begins Don Juan
  1819 - 1892 Walt Whitman, poet
  fl. 1810 - 1825 Mary Ann Willson, American, drawing & watercolor
  1821-1915 Ann Whitney, sculptor
  1822-1899 Rosa (Marie Rosalie) Bonheur, French painter
  1825-1895 Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, -- considered the grandfather of gay liberation.
     
Hudson River School 1827-1910 William Holman Hunt, painter
  1830 - 1908 Harriet Hosmer, sculptor
  1830-1919 Emma Jane Gay, photographer
     
Realism 1835 - 1902 Samuel Butler, British painter & writer
  1837-1913 Okuhara Seiko, Japanese, poet & painter
  1837 - 1887 Hans von Marees, German painter
  1840-1905 Simeon Solomon, British painter
  1845 - 1909 Mary Edmonia Lewis, American sculptor, (may have been lesbian)
  1843 - 1917 Zahrtmann (Peter Henrik) Kristian, Danish painter
  1844-1916 Thomas Eakins, American painter
  1844-1927 Victorine Meurent, painter
     
Pre-Raphaelites 1848 - 1894 Gustave Caillebotte, painter
  1849 - 1896 Weiwha, Native American "berdache" (Zuni)
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  1850  
     
Arts & Crafts 1852-1921 Seisui, painter, (female)
  1852 - 1929 Vincenzo Gemito, Italian sculptor
  1852 - 1930 Wilhelm von Pluchow, photographer
  1854 - 1900 Oscar Wilde, Irish poet, dramatist, wit
  1856 - 1925 John Singer Sargent, American painter
  1856 - 1942 Anna Klumpke, painter
  1856 - 1931 Wilhelm von Gloeden, German photographer
  1850 - 1935 Mary Lowndes, British, stained glass
  1858 - 1927 Louise Abbema, painter
  1858 - 1927 Henry Scott Tuke, British painter
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  1860  
  1860 Walt Whitman's "Leaves of Grass" published
  1860 - 1913 Frederick William Rolfe, British artist, writer
  1861 - 1865 American Civil War
  1961 - 1935 Dorothy Kate Richmond, New Zealand, painter
  1861-1943 Edith S. Watson, photographer
  1861-1951 Ethel Walker, painter
  1862 - 1915 Eugene Jansson, Swedish painter
  1862-1928 Loie Fuller (The Electric Fairy), dancer
     
Impressionism 1863 "Salon des Refuses" in Paris
  1863 - 1929 Carl von Platen, Swedish photographer
  1863-1937 Charles Shannon, painter (partner of Charles Ricketts)
  1864-1933 Fred Holland Day, American photographer
  1864-1952 Frances Benjamin Johnston, photographer
  1865 Yale University opens first Dept. of Fine Arts in U.S.
  1865 - 1941 Elizavera Kruglikova, Russian, printmaker (painter?)
  1865-1950 Elsie De Wolfe (Lady Mendl), American interior designer
  1866-1931 Charles Ricketts (partner of Charles Shannon), painter
  1866-1952 Alice Austen, photographer
  1867 - 1948 Dora Ohlfsen, Australian sculptor
  1867 Karl Heinrich Ulrichs made a speech urging the repeal of sodomy laws in Germany
  1876-1939 Gwen John, painter, , bisexual
  1869-1929 La Goulue (Louise Weber), dancer
  1869-1947 Frances Hodgkins, painter
  1969 - 1951 Andre Gide, French, author & Nobel Prize winner
  1869-1958 Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter, architect
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  1870  
 

1870 - 1925

Magnus Enckell, Finnish painter

  1870-1949 Etta Cone, collector, amateur photographer
  1872 - 1929 Sergi Diaghilev, dance producer
  1872 - 1942 Elisar von Kupffer, German painter and poet
  1872 - 1898 Aubrey Beardsley, painter
  1873 - 1962 Ethel Sands, painter
  1874 - 1951 J(oseph) C(hristian) Leyendecker, German-American painter, illustrator
  1874 - 1961 Violet Oakley, American, painter, illustrator
  1874 - 1970 Romaine Brooks, American painter
  1875 The "Hermes" of Praxiteles found at Olympia, Greece
  1876 - 1972 Natalie Clifford Barney, amateur photographer
  1877 - 1943 Marsden Hartley, American painter
  1878 - 1939 Kuz'ma Sergeevich Petrov-Vodkim, Russian, painter
  ca. 1878 - Evelyn Wyld, designer
  1878 - 1939 Jessie Lillian Buckland, photographer
  1878 - 1976 Eileen Gray, architect, designer
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  1880  
     
Post-Impressionism 1880 Metropolitian Museum of Art opened
     
Nabis 1880 - 1964 Carl Van Vechten, American photographer, writer,
  ca. 1881 - 1964 Kate Weatherby
     
Fauvism 1881?-1968 Florence Wyle, sculptor
  1882 - 1973 Evelyn Wyld, designer
  1883 - 1935 Charles Demuth, American painter
  1884 - 1937 Glyn Philpot, English, painter
  1885 - 1965 GAN (Gosta Adrian Nilsson), Swedish painter
  ca. 1885 - 1952 Margarethe Mather, photographer
  1885 - 1956, Marie Laurencan, painter, bisexual
  1883 - 1964 Jane Heap, wrote about art & owned gallery
  1885 - 1975 Clara Sipprell, American photographer
  1885 - 1978 Duncan Grant, British painter
  1886 - 1931 Lili Elbe (Einar Wegener), Danish painter,
  1886 - 1972 Ella Louise Naper (nee Champion), bisexual
  1887 - 1963 Una Troubridge, born Una Elena Taylor, Lady Troubridge, sculptor
  1887 - 1966 Malvina Hoffman, sculptor
  1887? - 1968 Frances Loring, sculptor
  1894 - 1970 Mariette Lydis, Vienna-born painter, bisexual
  1888 - 1989 Eleanor Raymond, architect
  1887 - 1986 Georgia O'Keeffe, American, painter
  1889 - 1957 James Whale, British film director
  1889 - 1963 Jean Cocteau, French painter, writer, filmmaker
  1889 - 1978 Hannah Hoch, German collagist, bisexual
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  1890  
     
Art Nouveau 1890-1950 Vaslav Nijinsky, dancer
  1890 - 1976 Jeanne Mammen, German illustrator
  1891-1956, Cecile Walton, painter, bisexual
  1891-1979 Laura Gilpin, American photographer
  1892 - 1953 Hubert Stowitts, painter
  1892-1982 Djuna Barnes, painter
  1892 - 1990 Erte (Romain de Tirtoff), Russian-French designer, artist
     
Modernism 1893 New Zealand gives women the right to vote -- USA not until 1919
  1893-1968 Mercedes De Acosta, amateur photographer
  1894 - 1954 Claude Cahun (Lucy Renee Matilde Schwob) French photographer
  1894-1972 Violet Keppel Trefusis, drawings
  1894 - 1996 Eyre de Lanux, American designer, (bisexual)
  1895 - 1943 Willem Arondeus, Dutch painter
  1895 - 1957 Ottone Rosai, Italian painter
  1895-1978 Gluck (Hannah Gluckstein), British painter
     
Ashcan School 1896 "Die Jugend" & "Simplicissimus" important German art magazines first appear
  1897 Magnus Hirschfeld founded the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee in Germany.

  1896 - 1956 Filippo De Pisis, Italian painter
  1897 - 1985 Germaine Krull, photographer, (bisexual)
  1898-1978 Dorothy Hepworth, painter
  1898?-1980 Tamara De Lempicka, Polish painter, (bisexual)
  1898-1957 Pavel Tchelitchew, Russian painter, stage designer
  1898 - 1977 Ellis Wilson, African American painter
  1898-1991 Berenice Abbott, photographer, bi
  1899-1965 Elizabeth McCausland, critic
  1899 - 1970 Sir William Dobell, Australian painter
  1899 - 1983 George Cukor, American theater and film director
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  1900 C.E.  
  1900 - 1935 Rene Crevel, French Dadaist
  1901-1970 Thelma Wood, sculptor
  1900-1971

Patricia Preece, painter

  1897-1979 Dorothy Arzner, film director
  1900-1982 Betty Parsons, painter, art dealer
  1900-1988 Louise Nevelson, sculptor, bi
  1900 - 1991 Arno Breker, German sculptor
  1901 - 1979 Sir Norman Hartnell, British fashion designer and designer to the Queen and Queen Mother
  1901 - 1979 Beauford Delaney, American painter
  1901 - 1989 James Richmond Barthe, sculptor
  1902 - 1949 Christian Berard, French
  1902 - 1972 John Banting, British painter
  1903 - 1957 George Quaintance, American painter
  1903 - 1975 Herbert List, German photographer
  1903 - 1996 Count Eigil Knuth, Danish sculptor & explorer-archeologist
  1904 - 1978 Oliver Messel, British stage designer, artist
  1904-1980 Cecil Beaton, British photographer
  1904 - 1990 Angus McBean, British photographer
  1904 - 1994 Tatsuji Okawa, Japanese, painter
  1904-1999 Paul Cadmus, American painter
     
Expressionism 1905 First regular cinema established in Pittsburgh, Pa.
  1905 - 1976 Edward Burra, British painter
  1905 - 1994 Robert Medley, British set designer
  1905 - 1988 Jared French, American painter
  1905 - 2006 Ruth Bernhard, photographer, bisexual
  1906 - 1976 Luchino Visconti, Italian filmmaker & opera director
  1906 - 1977 John Beresford Fowler, British interior decorator
  1906 - 1982 Walter Battiss, So African
  1906 - 1987 Richard Bruce Nugent, American artist, writer
  1906 - Philip (Cortelyou) Johnson, American architect
  1907 Picasso's "Demoiselles d'Avignon"
  1907 - 1954 Frida Kahlo, Mexican Jewish painter, (bisexual)
     
Cubism 1907-1955 George Platt Lynes, American photographer
  1907 - 1974 Bruce of Los Angeles (Bruce Harry Bellas), American photographer
  1907 - 1996 Lincoln Kirstein, American art patron, writer, impresario
  1908 - 1996 Leonor Fini, Argentine-Italian artist, (bisexual)
  1908 - 1999 Quentin Crisp, British writer and public figure
(attended many of LLGAF's openings)
  1908 - 2000 Gisele Freund, photographer
  1909-1992 Francis Bacon, British painter
  1909 - 1999 Horst (Horst P. Horst), German photographer
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  1910  
  1910 - 1957 George Quaintance, painter
  1910 - 1989 Yannis Tsarouchis, Greek painter
  1910 - 2008 John B. Lear, American, painter
     
Der Blaue Reiter 1911 - 1975 Alexis Preller, South African, painter
  1912- 1992 John Cage, American musician
  1912 - 1977 Keith Vaughan, English painter
  1912 - 2004 Agnes Martin, American painter
  1911 - 1999 Lon of New York (Alonzo Hanagan), photographer
  1913 - 1999 James Broughton, American filmaker
 

1914 - 1962
1913 -1966

Robert Colquhon & Robet MacBryde,Scottish painters
aka the Two Roberts

  1913 The Armory Show in New York
  1914 - 1918 World War I
  1915 - 1989 Donald Friend, Australian painter, illustrator, writer
  ca. 1915 - Go Hirano, Japanese, painter
  1916-1982 Martin Battersby, painter
     
Dada 1916 - 1986 Brion Gysin, English Surrealist
  1916 - 1989 Neel Bate aka Blade, American painter, illustrator
  1916 - 1990 Alfonso Ossorio, Flipino American painter and assemblagist
  1917 - 1957 John Minton, British painter, illustrator
     
De Stijl 1917 - 1983 Lloyd Lozes Goff, American painter
  1917 - 2002 Mary Meigs, painter
  1918 - 1963   Sonia Sekula, painter
  1918 - 2003 Rollie McKenna, photographer
  1918 - Bernard Perlin, American painter
     
Bauhaus 1919 - 1998 Bill Ward, painter, illustrator
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  1920
     
Surrealism 1920-1991 Tom of Finland (Touko Laaksonen), Finnish painter, illustrator
  1920 - 2003 Robert Blackburn, African American printmaker
  1920-2010 Kenneth Dover, Greek scholar and publisher of the influential book, Greek Homosexuality
     
Art Deco 1920 - 2010 Peter Flinsch, German/Canadian, painter
  1920 - George Tooker, American painter
     
Harlem Renaissance 1921-1963 Joan Eardley, painter
  1921 - 1989 Goh Mishima, Japanese, painter
  1921 - Jeffrey Smart, Australian painter
  1922 - 1975 Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian filmaker
  1922-1996 Nell Blaine, painter, bi
  1922 - 2002 Darold Perkins (aka Perk), American painter
  1922 - 1992 Bob Mizer (Athletic Model Guild, AMG), photographer
  1923 - Ruth Mountaingrove, photographer
  1923 - 1995 Avel C. deKnight, African American painter
  1923 - 2002 Larry Rivers, American painter (bi?)
  1923 - Ellsworth Kelly, American painter
  1924 - 1988 Goh Mishima, Japanese illustrator (1921? - 1983?)
  1924 - 1999 Don Emerson Wight, designer, fabric
  1924 - 2006 Arlene Raven, American, a pioneering historian & advocate of women's art
  1924 - Kendall Shaw, painter
  1925 - 1970 Yukio Mishima, Japanese writer
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  1925 - 1985 Rock Hudson, American actor, (died of AIDS)
  ca. 1925 - Rita Hammond, photographer
  1925- Robert Rauschenberg, American painter
  1926 - 1994 Philip Osborne, British painter
  1927 - 1995 Ray Johnson, American collagist
  1927 - 2004 John Carter, English, painter
  1928 The Well of Loneliness" by Radycliffe Hall published
  1928 - 2011 Cy Twombly, American painter
  1928 - Robert Indiana (Robert Clark), American painter
  ca. 1928 - 1973 Tamotsu Yato, Japanese, photographer
  1928 - 1987 Andy Warhol, American painter, printmaker, filmmaker
  1928 - 1989 Gerhardt Liebmann, photographer
  1929 Museum of Modern Art opens
  1929 Stock market crash
  1929 - 1982 John Button, American painter
  1929 - 1990 Frank Weber aka Bastille, American, illustrator & painter
  1929 - Kenneth Anger (Kenneth Wilber Anglemyer), American filmmaker
  1929 - Betty Dodson,(bisexual)
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  1930  
 

1930

Gandhi (Mohandas K. Gandhi aka Mahatma Gandhi)

  1930 - 1992 Nestor Almendros, Spanish cinematographer
  1930- Jasper Johns, American painter
  1930 - George Dureau, American photographer, painter
  1930 - Kay Tobin (Kay Lahusen), American photographer
  1930 - Roy Blakey, American photographer
  1931 - Geoffrey Hendricks, mixed media
  1932 - 1989 Jack Smith, American film & performance artist
  1932 - Sir Howard Hodgkin, British painter
  1932 - Duane Michals, American photographer
  1932 - Nye Farrabas (ne Bici Forbes), American conceptual artist
  1933 - 1967 Joe Orton, English playwrite
  1933 - 1988 Paul Thek, American mixed media artist
  1933 - 1991 Dom Orejudos, aka Etienne, Stephen & Dom, painter, illustrator
  1933 - Nigel Kent, English, illustrator
  1933 - Michael Leonard, born in India, painter
  1933 - James Bidgood, American filmmaker
  1933 - Edward Lucie-Smith, photographer, writer
  1934 Paul Cadmus' "The Fleets In" exhibited at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, DC
  1934 - Yvonne Rainer, American, choreographer and filmmaker
  1934 - 1987 Peter Hujar, American photographer
  1934 - 2003 Bhupen Khakhar, painter, India's first openly gay artist
  1934 - Kate Millett, American painter, sculptor, writer
  1934- Don Bachardy, American painter
  1935 - 1990 Charles Bell, American painter
  1935 - 2003 Mildred Thompson, African-American abstract expressionist painter
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  1935 - Delmas Howe, American painter
  1935 - David Hutter, painter
  1936 - 1970 Eva Hesse, German born American minimalist painter & sculptor
  1936 - 2003 Monique Wittig, French, feminist, social theorist, & novelist
  1936 - 2003 Patrick Procktor, Irish painter
  1935 - 2009 Cornelius McCarthy, English, painter
  1936 - Dianora Niccolini, photographer of the male nude
  1936 - Lucas Samaras, Greek, photographer
  1936 - 2011 Claudio Bravo, Chilean, painter
  1936 – 2011 Lou Maletta Founder of Gay Cable Network in NYC
  1937 Nazis' opened the show, "Degenerate Art," in Munich
  1937- David Hockney, British painter, printmaker, photographer & stage designer
  1937 - Graham David Smith, painter
  1937 - 1987 Tom Waddell, founder of gay games (1982)
  1938-1997 Olaf Odegaard, painter, illustrator
  1938 - Monica Sjoo, Swedish, (bisexual)
  1938 - 1993 Rudolf Nureyev, dancer
  1938 - Hilton Brown, American painter
  1939 - 1945 World War II
  1939-1985 Mario Dubsky, American painter
  1939 - 1989   Scott Burton, American installation artist
  1939 - Gon Buurman, Dutch photographer
  1939 - 1990 Ronad B. Monroe, European American assemblagist
  1939 - 2002 Robert Giard, photographer
  1939 - Cheryl A. Traendly, photographer
  1939 - Louise Fishman
  1939 - Hawk Madrone, photographer
  1939 - Barbara Hammer, American filmaker
  1939 - Jack Fritscher, photographer, videographer, writer
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  1940  
     
Abstract Expressionism 1940 - 2002 John Burton Harter, American painter
  1940- Arthur Tress, American photographer
  1940 - David Jarrett, American photographer
  1940 - Nancy Grossman, American, sculptor
  1940 - Paula Wallace, photographer
  1941-1994 Derek Jarman, British filmmaker, writer
  1941 - Michael Craig-Martin, Irish painter
  1941 - Ellen (Bedoz) Shumsky, photographer
  1941 - Tony (Antonio) Patrioli, Italian photographer
  1941 - Robert Wilson, American set and performance artist
  1942 - 1994 Joe Brainard, American mixed-media artist
  1942 -

1965 -


David Medalla, Phillipine , and

Adam Nankervis, Australian, time based work
  1942 - Jody Pinto, American, painter
  1942 - Laurie Toby Edison, photographer, (bisexual)
  1942 - Cathy Cade, American photographer
  1942 - Wayne Snellen, American painter (third Director of LLGAF)
  1942 - Michael Morris, England/Canada mail art and Canadian Fluxus art
  1942 - Ulrike Ottinger, German filmmaker
  1942 - Rosa von Praunheim, German filmmaker
  1942 - Barton Lidice Benes, American conceptual artist
  1942 - Garland Eliason French, American painter
  1942 - Meredith Monk, American correographer & composer
  1942 – 2003 Maxine Fine, American painter
  1943 - 1990 John Eric Broaddus, American, maker of artists books and wearable art
  1943 - 1993 Luis Caballero, Colombian painter
  1943 - 2006 Tee A. Corinne, American photographer
  1943- Fran Winant, American painter
  1943 - Ted Fusby, painter
  1943 - Norman Hatton, photographer
  1943 - Sachi Yamamoto, photographer
  1943 - Carol Newhouse, photographer
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  1943- Gilbert Proesch, Italian (Gilbert and George, painters, performance )
 
1942-
George Passmore, English
  1944 - 1994 Michael Buthe, German performance artist
  1944 - 1995 Bill Costa, photographer
  1944 - 2006 Arlene Raven, historian & advocate for women's art
  1944 - Lili Lakich, neon artist
  1944 - JEB (Joan E. Biren), American photographer and filmmaker
 

1944 -

Eloy de la Iglesia, Spanish filmmaker
  1944 - Harmony Hammond, fiber, mixed-media
  1944 - Jean-Daniel Cadinot, French photographer, director & producer of pornographic films
  1945 United Nations organized
  1945 - 1990 Ethyl Eichelberger, American, performance artist
  1945 - 1996 Franklin D. Israel, American architect
  1945 - 1999 Sadao Hasegawa, Japanese, painter
  1945 - 2002 Ed Cervone, painter, illustrator
  1945 - Nancy Fried, American sculptor
  1945 - Honey Lee Cottrell, photographer
  1945 - Leigh Mosley, photographer
  1945 - Nancy Rosenblum, photographer
  1945 - Charles C. Hill, Canadian art curator
  1945 - Tom Bianchi, photographer
  1945 - Keith Milow, English painter and sculptor
  1946 - 1989 Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer
  1946 - 1982 Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German filmmaker
  1946 - 1985 Stephen Varble, performance artist
  1946 - 1994 Gin Louie, Chinese American photographer & assemblagist
  1946 - 1999 Martin Wong, American painter
  1946 - Andris Grinberg, Latvian film and performance artist, bisexual
  1946 - Juan Davila, Chilean (living in Australia), painter
  1946 - Lynne Fernie, Canadian artist & filmmaker
  1946 - Bruce Weber, photographer
  1946 - Richard Taddei, painter
  1946 - John Waters, American filmaker
  1946 - Bill Sullivan, painter
  1947 - Happy Hyder
  1947 - 1993 David Knudvig, American painter
  1947 - Rex, American, illustrator
  1947 - James Saslow, American scholar & art historian
  1948 - 19164 Peter Samuelson, English, painter
  1948 - 1995 Robert Farber, American mixed media artist
  ca. 1948 - 1998 Remsen Wolff, photographer
  1948 - 2004 Alvin Jerome Baltrop, photographer
  1948 - Thomas Lanigan-Schmidt, American sculpture & installation
  1948 - Sudie Rakusin, American painter
  1948 - Ricardo Cinalli, Argentine painter
  1948 - Marleen Gorris, Dutch filmaker
  1948 - 2005 Robin Tichane, American, painter
  1948 - Berthold Bell, German illustrator & photographer
  1948 - Eric Fischl, painter, (there are rumors only)
  1949 - Simon Watney, British art historian, AIDS & gay activist
  1949 - Jean Sirius, photographer
  1949 - Pedro Almodovar, Spanish filmmaker
  1949 - Carlos Quiroz, photographer
  1949 - Ross Bleckner, American painter
  1949 - Elana Dykewoman (Elana Nachman), American writer
  1949 - Caroline H. Vaughn, American photographer
  1949 - Lenore Chinn, painter
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  1950  
     
Pop Art 1950 Mattachine Society (Harry Hay, founder)
     
Color Field 1950 - 1982 Hibiscus aka George Harris, American performance artist
  1950 - 1990 Tseng Kwong Chi, Chinese, photographer
  1950 - 1990 Jimmy De Sana, American photographer
  1950 - 1993 Arch Connley, American, mixed media artist
  1950 - 1994 Angel Borrero, Puerto Rican, conceptual artist
  1950 - 2003 Adrienne Fuzee, African American curator
  1950 - Deborah Bright, American photographer
  1950 - Douglas Simonson, painter
  1950 - Mel Odom, illustrator
  1950 - James Fetterman, painter
  1951 - 1992 Bern Boyle, American filmmaker & photograper
  1951 - Nahum B. Zenil, Mexican painter
 

1949

Pierre & Gilles
Pierre Commoy
  1951 AMG (Athletic Model Guild) & Physique Pictorial began publication
  1951 - 1987 Alex Vallauri, Brazilian graffiti artist
  1951-1989 Philip Core, British, painter
  1951 - 1993 George Dudley, American painter (first Director of LLGAF)
  1951 - 1995 William Bruce Wipsiepe, mixed media artist
  1951 - Katie Niles, American photographer
  1951 - Mats Gustafson, Swedish watercolorists
  1951 - June Redfern, painter
  1951 - Janet Cooling, American painter
  1951 - Pedro Almodovar, Spanish filmmaker
  1951 - 2011 Andrew Sichel, American, painter
  1952 - 1988 David Robilliard, English poet and word artist
  1952 - 1995 Cookie (Annjohnna) Andrews-Hunt, photographer
  1952 - 1999 Vernon Berg
  1952 - 2002 Herb Ritts, photographer
  1952- Lari Pittman, American painter
  1952 - Sal Monetti, American painter
  1952 - Jenny Kahn, American
  1952 -

1958 -
David McDermott, &

Peter McGough, American performance, paintings & photographs
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  1952 - Deni Ponty, painter
  1952 - Deborah Kass
  1953 - 2002 Frank Moore, American painter
  1953 Gilles Blanchard
  1953 - Brian Clarke, British multimedia artist
  1953 - Sunil Gupta, Indian photographer
  1953 - Nan Golden, American photographer, bisexual
  1953 - Gus Van Sant, filmmaker
  1953 - Marcel Odenbach, German video artist
  1953 - Michael Tice, American painter
  1953 - Roberta Almerez, photographer
  1953-1992 Patrick Angus, American painter
  1954 - 1992 David Wojnarowicz, American painter
  1954 - 2012 Mike Kelley, American, performance artist, painter
  1954 - Jorge Posada, American/Colombian, painter
  1954 - Robin Metcalfe, Canadian curator, writer & gay activist
  1955 - 1989 Rotimi Fani-Kayode, Nigerian photographer
  1955 - 1993 Pepe Espaliu, Spanish mixed-media artist
  1954 - Annie Sprinkle, American filmmaker, performance artist & porn star
  1955 - Per Barclay, Norway conceptual artist
  1954 - Robert Gober, American sculptor & mixed-media artist
  1955 - 1991 Herve Guibert, French photographer & novelist
  1955 - Donald Moffett, American conceptual artist
  1955 - Ken Kelly, American painter
  1955 - Patrick Webb, American painter
  1955 - Tom Strider, American
  1956 - Piotr Nathan, Polish installation artist
  1956 - Robert Flynt, American photographer
  1956 - Neil Emmerson, Australian mixed-media artist
  1956 - Elliot Linwood, American conceptual artist
  1956 - John Lindell, American stencil templates for wall logic diagrams
  1956 - Tony Feher, American, mixed media artist
  1956 The Ladder, Daughters of Bilitis
  1957 - 1993 Cyril Collard, French filmmaker, author
  1957 - 1994 Marlon Riggs, American filmaker
  1957 - 1996 Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Cuban conceptual artist
  1957 - David Hutchinson, American painter
  1957 - Mark Flood, American painter
  1957 - Bill Travis, American photographer
  1958 Guggenheim Museum opens
  1958 Caffe Cino coffee house opens in Greenwich Viollage catering to gay, bohemian clientele. Playwrites Robert Patrick, Doric Wilson & Lanford Wilson read there.
  1958 - 1990 Keith Haring, American painter
  1958 - 1995 Jerome Caja, American mixed-media artist
  1958 - 2002 Timur Novikov, Russian painter
  1958 - 1992 Darrel Ellis, American photographer
  1958 - 1993 Andrew Heard, English painter
  1958 - Nique Le Transome, South Vietnam, painter
  1958 - Fin Serck-Hanssen, Norway photographer
  1958 - Craig Bailey, photographer
  1958 - Rick Castro, American photographer
  1958 - Partick Safarti, photographer
  1958 - Robert Taylor, English photographer
  1959 - 1989 Mark Morrisroe, American photographer
  1959 - Sheila Pepe, American, installation artist
  1959 - Beau, illustrator
  1959 - John McLachlin, Canadian photographer
  1959 - Julio Galan, Mexican painter
  1959 - Simon English, West German painter
  1959 - Erwin Olaf, painter, illustrator
  1959 - Patrick Traer, Canadian multi-media
  1959 - Hunter Reynolds, American performance artist
  1959 - Kent, American, illustrator
  1959 - Gregg Anaki, Japanese-Canadian filmmaker
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  1960  
     
Op-Art 1960 - 1988 Jean-Michel Basquiat, painter
  1960 - Carrie Moyer, American, painter, co-founder of Dyke Action Machine (DAM)
     
Fluxus 1960 - Tim Miller, American performance artist
  1960 - Charles LaDray, American miniaturist
  1960 - John Dugdale, American photographer
     
Post Modernism 1960 - Nayland Blake, American curator & conceptual artist
  1960 - Joseph Radoccia, painter
  1960 - R(andy) D. Riccoboni, painter
     
Conceptualism 1960 - Ralf Konig, German cartoonist
  1960 - Isaac Julien, English filmaker
     
Photorealism 1960 - Jack Pierson, American photographer
  1960 - Richard Burton, American painter
  1960 - Isaac Julien, British film and video artist
  1960 - Micah Lexier, Canadian conceptual artist
  1960 - Glenn Ligon, American painter
  1960 - Michael Petry, American painter, performance artist
  1960 - John Dowd, American painter
  1960 - Sonia Melara, El Salvador, painter
  1961 - 1994 Leigh Bowery, Australian performance artist
  1961 - 1995 Craig Coleman, American sculptor
  1961 - 2008 Stephen Hale, American painter
  1961 -

1969 -
Michael Elmgreen, &

Ingar Dragset, Danish & Norwagien multi-media artists
  1961 - Keith Boadwee, American abstract painter
  1961 - Todd Haynes, American filmaker
  1961 - Jose Villarrubia, Spanish painter
  1961 - Eric Rhein, American
  1961 - 2012 Steve Walker, Canadian painter
  1961 - Zoe Leonard, American photographer
  1962 - 1995 Hugh Steers, American painter
  1962 - Zackie Achmat, South African writer, filmmaker & activist
  1962 - 1994 Hamad Butt, Pakistani installation artist
  1962 -

1960 -


James Barrett, English aka Art2go, &
Robin Forster
     
Minimalism 1962- Attila Richard Lukacs, Canadian painter
  1962 - Steven Cohen aka Princess Menorah, South African artist
  1962 - Steven Underhill, photographer
  1962 - Ross Watson, Australian painter
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  1963 - 2002 Richard Rule
  1963 - Matthew Stradling, British painter
  1963 - Lothar Gotz, German site-specific artist
  1963 - Ajamu (Ajamu Ikwe-Tyehimba), British photographer
  1963 - Ron Athey, American performance artist
  1963 - Guy Reid, South African, carver/sculptor
  1964 - Sue Schaffner, co-founder of the Dyke Action Machine (DAM)
  1964 Life magazine publishes a cover story, "Homosexuality in America." Article features a photograph taken at a leather bar called "The Tool Box" in San Francisco
  1964 - Oliver Herring, German mixed-media sculpture
  1964 - Martin Gustavsson, Swedish painter
  1964 - Gregg Bordowitz, American video & filmmaker
  1964 - Li Ming Shun (Calvin), Chinese American, painter
  1964 - Gengoroh Tagame, Japanese, erotic illustrator
  1964 - Michael Shaowanasai, American living in Bangkok, performance artist
  1965 - 1999 Robert Blanchon, American conceptual artist
  1965 - Lyle Ashton Harris, American photographer
  1965 - Oliver Boberg, German photographer
  1965 - G.B. Jones, Canadian, painter (considered by many the female Tom of Finland)
  1965 - Maxx Sizeler, American conceptual artist
  1965 - Raphael (Rafi) Perez, Israel, painter
  1966 - Keith Mayerson, American drawing & books
  1966 - Paul Pfeiffer, American video artist
  1966 - Mike Sale, English photographer/video artist
  1966 - Michael Meads, American
  1967 Oscar Wilde bookstore opens in NYC -- first gay bookstore in the USA
  1967 - Roberto Rincon, American, photographer
  1967 - Bjarne Melgaard, Australian installation
  1967 - Daphne Scholinski, American, artist & author
  1968 - Rebecca Swan, New Zealand photographer
  1957 - Della Grace (Del LaGrace Volcano), photographer
  1968 - Aileen Boyce, American painter
  fl. 1968 - 1994 General Idea (A.A. Bronson, Felix Partz, Jorge Zontal), Canadian multi-media artists and activists (real names respectively Jorge Saia, Michael Tims, Ron Gabe)
  1968 - Ralph Bourque, American
  1968 - Wolfgang Tillmans, German photographer
  1968 - George Towne, American painter
  1968 - Keith Perelli, American
  1968 - Audra Kohout, American
  1968 - Tanya Brugerra, Cuban performance artist
  1969 - Lee Wagstaff, English body artist
  1969 Stonewall Riots in NYC
  1969 First show at the Leslie-Lohman loft
  1969 First man on moon
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  1970  
  1972 - Patty Chang, Asian-American performance artist
  1973 - Brad Dupuy, American
  1975 Opening of the Leslie/Lohman Gallery (as a commercial gallery on the corner of Broome and Wooster in SoHo, NYC)
  1975 First Drummer magazine published.Some of Robert Mapplethropes first published photographs appeared in its pages and the magazine became an important vehicle for publishing the work of all the major homoerotic illustrators.
  1975 - Ayala Weiss, Israel, sculptor
  1976 - Per Christian Brown, Norway photographer
    In the 70's & 80's there existed several galleries in NYC devoted to gay art including, Robert Samuel Gallery, ROB Gallery, Stompers, Foto, Stoned Wall Galerie & Thompson Gallery. All closed in the early 80's due to financial difficulty and the advent of the AIDS crisis.
  1977 Paul P., Canadian painter
  1978 Rainbow Flag -- Gilbert Baker designed the first rainbow flag for the SF parade
  1979 Radical Faeries
  1979 The Great Lesbian Art Show in Los Angeles
     
     
  1980  
     
Neo-Expressionism 1980 Internet born 
  1981 Leslie-Lohman Gallery closed
     
Graffiti Art 1981/1982 ADVENT OF AIDS
  1986 Tom of Finland Foundation established (TOF: 1920 - 1991)
  1987 First ActUp meeting in NYC (Larry Kramer, founder) & Gran Fury established
  1989 Ehibition, "The Perfect Moment" by Robert Mapplethorpe cancelled at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, DC
     
     
  1990  
  1990 Leslie-Lohman Gay Art Foundation established as a non-profit GLBTQ arts organization and opens a gallery at 127B Prince Street in SoHo, NYC)

(Charles W. Leslie and J. Frederic Lohman, founders)
  1990 Robert Mapplethorpe exhibition in Cincinnati -- museum & director indicted for obscenity (found not guilty)
  1992 Queer Resources Directory (QRD), online directory
     
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  2000 C.E.  
  May 2, 2006 The Leslie-Lohman Gay Art Foundation opens a new gallery at 26 Wooster Street in NYC.
  November , 2011 The Leslie/Lohman Gay Art Foundation morphs into
The Leslie-Lohman Museum of Gay and Lesbian Art
     
     
   
 

No birth dates yet...Help!

Dawn Brayford, English painter

Elizabeth (Lib) Jenks Clark, sculptor


Hideki Co, Japanese, painter

Douglas Crimp, art historian

Durk Dehner, co-founder of the Tom of Finland Foundation

Sandra de Sando, painter

Domino, aka Don Merrick, illustrator

Jim French aka Colt, Lugar & Arion, painter, illustrator

Go Fujimoto, Japanese, illustrator

Sanshi Funayama, Japanese, illustrator

George Fuwa (aka Hisatomo), Japanese, illustrator

Robert Gable, American painter, died 2008

Philip Hitchcock, sculptor

Ben Kimura, Japanese, painter

Herb Klein, photographer

Shun Kochi, Japanese, photographer

Tenugui Kura, Japanese, illustrator


Ama Memec, British sculptor

David Nelson, American, mixed media artist

Kokichi Otake, Japanese

David Pearce (aka Don Fletcher), painter

Player, illustrator


Lawrence Rinder, American, curator

Scott Treleaven, collagist


Ming Vase (Benjamin Lu), Warhol's lover & drag artist

Viste

Virgil Wong, visual and media artist


   
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